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Book Binding Options

Following are explanations of the various binding options available for books. Maximum allowable book thickness and available colors for each binding option will vary slightly from one resource to another.

If a book is excessively large, it may be necessary to figure out what vendor and binding method will be used after the final page count has been determined. Any method other than perfect binding will have some limitations pertaining to the paper size used.

Binding methods available for a project depend upon the vendor chosen.

Coil Binding

Coil Binding
Also known as "Continuous Loop," coil binding utilizes a smooth round coil to hold the pages together. It allows the book to lie completely flat when open and the pages can be turned all the way around to the back if desired. The most common coil binding is plastic, but metal is sometimes available by special order, depending on the bindery. Black is a standard color, but other colors can be ordered and exact PMS matches are often available at an extra cost. Lengths (on the binding edge) must be in 1/4" increments to accommodate the spacing between the rings in the coil. Great for workbooks, presentation materials, and manuals.

Comb Binding

Plastic, GBC, or Comb Binding
This is an economical method well suited for manuals and books that need to lay flat when open. It utilizes a plastic "comb" that wraps around and through the edge of the pages. Page edges at the spine are covered by the plastic comb.

Wire-O Binding

Wire-O, Double-Loop, or Twin-Loop Binding
A highly popular option, Wire-O uses formed wire that threads through square, rectangular, or round holes. Wire-O binding allows books to lay flat when open. Pages may also be turned around to the back of the book, much like coil binding. The wire loops are often available in a variety of colors to coordinate with the colors of books. A durable option for a wide variety of project types.

Velo Binding

Velo Binding
Velo binding uses thin strips of plastic on the front and back of the book. The strips are connected by holes drilled through the edges of the paper and are heated to permanently lock them together. Sometimes velo binding is used for hardbound books. Various colors for the binding strips and plastic covers are also sometimes available. Velo bound books cannot lay flat and usually the edges of the paper sheets are exposed at the spine. No printing is available on the spine. Velo is often used for research papers and can be used for manuals or pre-published or finished books.

Tape Binding

Tape Binding
Tape binding is done with a strip of tape overlapping the bound edge. Usually, the pages need to be stitched together prior to affixing the tape. Adds a great finished look to workbooks, manuals, etc.




Fast Bind

Similar to tape binding, Fastbind uses a cloth strip with a glue-laminate on one side. Pages are pressed into the heated glue on the cloth. The resulting binding is flexible and permanent.




Perfect Bind

Perfect Binding
Most softcover or paperback books utilize Perfect Binding. Pages are glued along the edges inside of wraparound cover that includes the front, back, and spine. Books bound in this manner look very professional. This is also the most flexible method of binding when it comes to specialty sizes.

For a professional finished look, perfect binding is the way to go. The most flexible method as far as book size, perfect binding is ideal for just about any book type. It has become a fairly inexpensive option, especially when done in quantity. Many print-on-demand resources make it possible to get perfect binding for for even single copies!

Case Binding

Case Binding (hardcover)
Hard cover books use this type of binding. Covers are commonly made of leather, vinyl, or cloth. Hardcover or case-bound books usually are accompanied by a paper "dust jacket," which wraps around the book with ends folded inside the front and back covers.




Saddle Stitching
Saddle stitch is a very common and economical binding method that involves placing two or three staples along a folded edge. This method is most often used in producing booklets that are 60 pages or less. There is no flat spine with this option.



Saddle Loop

Saddle Loop Binding
Saddle Loop is essentially the same as saddle stitching, except the three staples have loops that extend out from the spine. These loops make it possible to put items into 3-ring binders. This makes a great option for seminar materials or information installments that customers can conveniently add to a larger collection.

Thesis Bind

Thesis Binding
This method utilizes 3 metal screw posts that hold the cover, pages, and spine together. It looks a lot like a hardcover book. Mostly used by university students.




Docu Binding
Docu Binding is an automated process done directly on docutech digital printers. This option works best on books of 10–125 pages. Common tape colors tend to be black, white, red, blue, or brown. What exactly is available with Docu Binding depends on the individual print vendor.